The Western Pelješac peninsula is extremely rich in plant and animal species, some of which are rare or endemic. From 150 plant species that  biological expedition from Antropology Institute Zagreb reported in 2001 on the plateau of Nakovana exists 66 wild edible plants, and 51 of them possess medicinal feature. Among major importance of edible plants, the distinguished ons are; Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) which gives flourish fruits called Arbutus berry, Whitty pear (Sorbus domestica), Climbing asparagus fern (Asparagus acutifolius), etc.

From medicinal plants we can specify; Herb robert (Geranium robertianum), Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria), Lavender (Lavandula spica), Sage herb (savia offcinalis), Winter savory (satureja montana), Immortelle (helichrysum italicum), Mastic tree (pistacia lentiscus), Murchmallow (althaea officinalis), Wild thyme (thymus serpyllum), etc.

Of large animals that dwell in the Western Pelješac we can mention the wild boar (wild pig), mouflon, fox, jackal, rabbit, and a special attraction were wild horses and donkeys, which were freely grazing on pastures of St. Elijas. Unfortunately during the Homeland War, they were all killed.

Of reptiles in the western Pelješac you can encounter, Dalmatian wall lizard (Podarcis melisellenis), Sharp-snouted lizard (Lacerta oxycephala),  Large green lizard (Lacerta trilineata), about thirty inches long, Scheltopusik (Ophisaurus apodus), Cat snake (Telescopus fallax), Horned viper or Long-nosed viper (Vipera ammodytes ) can grow up to one meter, and the largest reptile in this area, Four-lined snake (Elaphe quatuorlineata), f rom Boa family, which can grow over two meters in length.

Some of  birds represented here: Dark tit (Parus lugubris), Olive-tree warlber (Hippolais olivetorum), Rock nuthatch (Sitta neumayer), Sparrow (Passer domesticus), Rock trush (Monticola solitaris), Great tit (Parus Mayor), Sardinian warbler (Sylvia melanocephala ), and Scos owl (Otus scops),Barn owl (tyto alba) and Eagle owl or “Bukoc“. There are also pheasants, partridges, chickens, quail, pigeons, ravens, cule, swallows, then the falcons, hawks and in summer for a few months eagles habitate here, with a wing span of over two meters.

In addition to the butterfly species listed in professional publications (about 50 species), biological expedition in 2001 on Nakovana  plateau has noted a several more species. Since the butterflies are good indicators of environmental health, as well as balance in nature and degree of preservation of some areas, because of theirs specific biology of responding to changes in habitat.

Area St. Elijah with its forest of rare black Dalmatian pine trees and high-altitude pastures, where you can find the coyote, wild boar, mouflon, and until recently, wild donkeys and horses, is a true ecological paradise. The Woodland Forest above the bay of Duba Nakovanska the only area on the peninsula that has not suffered from fire, and consists of typical Mediterranean species such as strawberry trees and Dalmatian oak that there reaches imposing measures, and among trees climbing ivy and similar plants.

As seen from the above is clearly shown that the cultural and natural monuments of the flora and fauna in Nakovana region interact with each other. Because of all this, the Association, “Uzorna (Exemplary) Nakovana” considers that is necessary to organize Eco-Archaeological Park in area that is marked on the map. This protected area is a great potential in developing tourism, especially ecotourism.

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